Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way glucose and insulin functions in the body.

What is Type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition that causes the body to produce little to no insulin. Insulin is an important hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates levels of sugar in the blood. Without insulin, your body can’t move glucose from the blood into cells, resulting in high blood sugar.

The exact cause of Type 1 diabetes is unknown. In most cases, the immune system attacks the pancreas, limiting insulin production. Experts believe genetics play a role in the condition.

What is Type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes changes to the way the body metabolizes sugar. With Type 2 diabetes, the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or has become resistant to the hormone. Type 2 diabetes is also referred to as adult-onset diabetes. Obesity and an inactive lifestyle are the biggest risk factors for Type 2 diabetes.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are typically more sudden and severe. Patients with Type 2 diabetes often experience no symptoms in the early stages of the condition. Symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes include:

  • Fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive hunger
  • Blurred vision
  • Sudden or unexplained weight loss
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent infections

Type 1 diabetes is referred to as juvenile diabetes because the symptoms often occur during childhood. Type 2 diabetes is more common in adults over 40, although children are also diagnosed.

How is diabetes treated?

There is no cure for diabetes, but it can be managed through a number of treatment methods. Managing diabetes involves:

  • Proper diet and nutrition
  • Physical activity
  • Insulin therapy
  • Monitoring your blood sugar
  • Taking appropriate medications

Diabetes requires comprehensive treatment. You and your doctor discuss your condition and develop a treatment plan that works for you. Although there’s no cure, diabetes can be consistently and successfully managed with the right medications and lifestyle changes.

How can I prevent diabetes?

Lifestyle factors like obesity and inactivity increase your risk for Type 2 diabetes. If you’ve been diagnosed with prediabetes, you can delay or prevent Type 2 diabetes with regular exercise and a healthy diet.

To speak with a doctor about managing your diabetes, visit one of the Heal 360 offices or book an appointment by phone or online.